In your own way



Development Photography in ‘Africa’ – What’s with the dirty torn clothes?

Chimwemwe Manyozo*

In March 2015, I was at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol en route to Malawi. While at the airport I came across a big billboard by UNICEF of a dirty black child, possibly from ‘Africa’, and wearing tattered clothes. This picture took me back to the debate about representation of poor people in the development discourse. Is this image a representation of the state of this child’s life? Or is this a picture that might help the public to donate their money to support the region where this child comes from?

Demonstrators march through downtown Atlanta to protest the shootings of two black men by police officers, Friday, July 8, 2016. Thousands of people marched along the streets of downtown to protest the recent police shootings of African-Americans. Atlanta Police Chief George Turner and Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed said earlier in the day that people have the right to protest this weekend but urged them to cooperate with law enforcement. (AP Photo/John Bazemore)

Black Lives Matter – Unpacking a Social Movement

Chimwemwe Manyozo*


People mobilisation is a common tool used to challenge state authority. In the United States (U.S.), since 2013, people have joined Black Lives Matter marches in different states to challenge police brutality. More than 1,030 protest actions have been held in the name of Black Lives Matter. Following Jesse Williams’ speech at the 2016 BET awards, and the recent death of Philando Castile and Alton Sterling, Black Lives Matter has taken centre stage again, reviving the conversation on mainstream and social media. This paper unpacks Black Lives Matter as a social movement by tracing back the definitions of people’s mobilisation and social movements.


Can an Authoritarian Regime represent its People? The Case of Vietnam

Do Ngoc Thao*  


In this paper, the author argues that in Vietnam, although the result of the election of the National Assembly (NA) is regarded as transparent and there is no electoral fraud, it is heavily controlled by the Vietnam Communist Party (the Party), thus leading to the misrepresentation of the delegates in the NA. Claiming to represent the interest of the people in the socialist state, the VCP, however, fails to make decisions upon the interests of the people.