Ricci P.H. Yue*
In the Far East, Cambodians are enjoying their fastest rate of urbanisation in history. The end of decades of civil war led to rapid economic growth, and this force began to pull villagers to the capital city, Phnom Penh. The life of a farmer is not easy. Poverty drives them away from the rural areas and the neon lights of city attract these farmers to migrate to the city.
Taking Bangladesh as a case, this article critically looks into trade liberalisation and discusses whether the poor can benefit from it. The Author argues that trade liberalisation can indeed benefit the poor, given the presence of complementary transmission mechanisms. However, in the absence of this, it becomes very difficult to find a causal relationship between the two. The challenge is to find the elements crucial for poverty alleviation both between and within countries to help the weak and marginalised.