In your own way

Academic

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The challenges and lessons from Ebola crisis for zoonotic disease preparedness and Control

Yukyum Kim*

Abstract

Ebola crisis in West Africa was one of the greatest health tragedies in modern times. This tragedy is partly attributed to the acuteness of the virus, but the lack of preparedness and inappropriate responses exacerbated the situation. This article explores the challenges shown during the Ebola crisis and finds lessons for better zoonotic disease preparedness and control. The greatest lesson is that the responses based on solely biomedical and epidemiological approaches are not enough to address the zoonotic disease epidemic. Rather, the underlying factors that affect systems, interventions, behaviours must be considered and addressed.

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Power and Women’s Empowerment in the Context of Violence against Women

Yangchen Dolkar Dorji*

Abstract

Power is crucial in understanding social science. In this article, the author discusses the shift of gender discourses on the basis of the theories of power. She argues that, violence against women cannot be addressed without analysing the layers of power that exist not only between men and women but in relation to the state, society (including other women) and themselves. By being sensitive to the intersectionality of power, it is possible for development actors and agencies to empower women through influencing more equitable and inclusive structural reforms and by providing a more conducive environment for women’s rights or rights of any marginalised group.

Demonstrators march through downtown Atlanta to protest the shootings of two black men by police officers, Friday, July 8, 2016. Thousands of people marched along the streets of downtown to protest the recent police shootings of African-Americans. Atlanta Police Chief George Turner and Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed said earlier in the day that people have the right to protest this weekend but urged them to cooperate with law enforcement. (AP Photo/John Bazemore)

Black Lives Matter – Unpacking a Social Movement

Chimwemwe Manyozo*

Abstract

People mobilisation is a common tool used to challenge state authority. In the United States (U.S.), since 2013, people have joined Black Lives Matter marches in different states to challenge police brutality. More than 1,030 protest actions have been held in the name of Black Lives Matter. Following Jesse Williams’ speech at the 2016 BET awards, and the recent death of Philando Castile and Alton Sterling, Black Lives Matter has taken centre stage again, reviving the conversation on mainstream and social media. This paper unpacks Black Lives Matter as a social movement by tracing back the definitions of people’s mobilisation and social movements.

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Can an Authoritarian Regime represent its People? The Case of Vietnam

Do Ngoc Thao*  

Abstract

In this paper, the author argues that in Vietnam, although the result of the election of the National Assembly (NA) is regarded as transparent and there is no electoral fraud, it is heavily controlled by the Vietnam Communist Party (the Party), thus leading to the misrepresentation of the delegates in the NA. Claiming to represent the interest of the people in the socialist state, the VCP, however, fails to make decisions upon the interests of the people.

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Do the Poor Benefit from Trade Liberalisation? Why?

Shadlee Rahman*

Abstract

Taking Bangladesh as a case, this article critically looks into trade liberalisation and discusses whether the poor can benefit from it. The Author argues that trade liberalisation can indeed benefit the poor, given the presence of complementary transmission mechanisms. However, in the absence of this, it becomes very difficult to find a causal relationship between the two. The challenge is to find the elements crucial for poverty alleviation both between and within countries to help the weak and marginalised.

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Dilemmas of Organ Transplantation in Global South: Critical Reflections and Contributions of Medical Anthropology Studies

Emre Yuksek*

Abstract

Organ donation and transplantation as a method of medical treatment is a controversial public health policy. In this article, I focus on the political economy of transplant tourism and organ trafficking as it intersects with the views and positionality of multiple actors, and argue that an anthropological perspective can help to identify and to reframe racial and regional disparities inherent in these flows.

Participant (right) of BRAC's graduation programme

Can all women graduate? The challenges of graduation programmes

Sarabe Chan*  

Abstract                                     

The graduation model has been hailed as one of the most comprehensive approaches to lifting even the most destitute households out of extreme poverty (Hashemi & Umaira, 2011). In this paper, I attempt to offer a more nuanced perspective on the difficulties that female programme participants may face.

The graduation model was pioneered in 2002 when BRAC Bangladesh developed the 18-month “Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction – Targeting the Ultra Poor” programme (CFPR/TUP).  

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Fight, Yet Playfully: The Power of Grotesque Online Expression in China

Jiangbo Deng*

Abstract

This article discusses the role of ICTs in activism in contemporary China. Instead of following the focus on the modalities of the Internet in collective events, this article claims a more suitable approach that examines the everyday use of the Internet as a mundane, grotesque imagery.

In an authoritarian country where explicit political mobilisation or organisation through the Internet is dangerous, the cyberspace is undergoing a subtle, hidden, yet still a significant change. Bakhtin’s notion of carnival is helpful for us to disclose the transformative dynamic under the vein of rigid Internet governance.